Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSSs) signify the framework shift in the medical sector in the modern age. CDSSs are utilized in augmenting healthcare facilities in the process of making complex clinical decisions. Since the first application of CDSSs in the 80s, the framework has witnessed significant transformation. The frameworks are now administered through electronic healthcare records with complex capacities. Irrespective of these complex advancements, there are existing questions concerning the impacts of CDSSs on service providers, healthcare costs, and patients’ records. There are many published texts concerning the success stories of CDSSs, but significant setbacks have proved that CDSSs are not without any potential risks. In this research, we provide critical analysis on the application of CDSSs in clinical setting, integrating various forms, present application cases with proven effectiveness, potential harms and common pitfalls. We therefore conclude with evidence-centered recommendation for mitigating the issues of CDSSs maintainability, evaluation, implementation and designing.
Diagnostic Decision Support System (DDSS), Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSSs), Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Drug-Drug Integration (DDI).
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Pharmacy Division, University of Ghana, Legon Boundary, Accra, Ghana.
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Cite this article
Dowse R, “Advantages and Functions of Clinical and Decision Support Systems”, Journal of Biomedical and Sustainable Healthcare Applications, vol.2, no.1, pp. 043-050, January 2022. doi: 10.53759/0088/JBSHA202202006.