Journal of Computing and Natural Science

The Contribution of Innovation, Science and Technology in Enhancing Renewable Energy

Journal of Computing and Natural Science

Received On : 20 September 2022

Revised On : 28 November 2022

Accepted On : 22 March 2023

Published On : 05 July 2023

Volume 03, Issue 03

Pages : 158-168


This article focuses on the importance of research, innovation, and technology in increasing the proportion of sources of renewables in the transnational spectrum of energy. It looks at the current state of renewable energy, where it's headed, what's holding it back, and what's pushing it forward, all in an effort to provide an overview of the state of the art. The paper covers a wide range of themes associated with renewables, including marketplace designs, and policy formulation, technical challenges to the incorporation of these renewables in the power system, mini-grid and off-grid uses, and residential use. This research argues that various nations would have distinct national renewable paths based on their contextual circumstances and goals. The paper proposes that a variety of policies are needed to facilitate the spread of renewable energy. The importance of international collaboration in enhancing the connectivity of grid infrastructures, as well as in information sharing, policy education, capacity building, and technological advancement, is emphasized.


Renewable Energy, Research, Innovation and Technology, Electric Grid, Grid Infrastructure, Industry 4.0.

  1. “EWEC ’86: European wind energy association conference and exhibition,” J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 97–98, 1986.
  2. “IEA – International Energy Agency,” IEA. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 23-Mar-2023].
  3. S. A. Babalola, D. Mishra, S. Dutta, and N. C. Murmu, “In-situ workpiece perception: A key to zero-defect manufacturing in Industry 4.0 compliant job shops,” Comput. Ind., vol. 148, no. 103891, p. 103891, 2023.
  4. “Electricity generation by small hydroelectric power plants,” Bull. South Ural State Univ. Ser. Power Eng., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 80–86, 2019.
  5. “The Global Competitiveness Report 2017-2018,” World Economic Forum. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 23-Mar-2023].
  6. X. Wang, Q. Zhao, X. Yang, and B. Zeng, “Condition monitoring of wind turbines based on analysis of temperature-related parameters in supervisory control and data acquisition data,” Meas. Control, vol. 53, no. 1–2, pp. 164–180, 2020.
  7. “‘The role of science and technology in the post-COVID future,’” OHCHR. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 23-Mar-2023].
  8. World Bank Group, “Report: Universal access to sustainable energy will remain elusive without addressing inequalities,” World Bank Group, 07-Jun-2021. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 23-Mar-2023].
  9. G. Yuan, “Rural Electrification Goes Local: Recent innovations in renewable generation, energy efficiency, and grid modernization,” IEEE Electrification Mag., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 16–24, 2015.
  10. P. Yang et al., “Electrochemical behaviors in low-cost and environmentally stable SnS2: An alternative cathode with for high-power primary lithium batteries,” J. Power Sources, vol. 541, no. 231717, p. 231717, 2022.
  11. C. Kennedy, “The energy embodied in the first and second industrial revolutions,” J. Ind. Ecol., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 887–898, 2020.
  12. “Energy Sub-Saharan Africa,” IEA. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 23-Mar-2023].
  13. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 23-Mar-2023]
  14. J. G. Wright and J. Van Coller, “System adequacy in the Southern African Power Pool: A case for capacity mechanisms,” J. Energy South. Afr., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 37–50, 2018.
  15. C. Yang, J. P. Namahoro, Q. Wu, and H. Su, “Renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on economic growth: Evidence from asymmetric analysis across countries connected to Eastern Africa power pool,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 24, p. 16735, 2022.
  16. B. Elira, “Green Infrastructure and Manufacturing: Analysis of IE and SM Innovations for Future Generations,” Journal of Machine and Computing, pp. 97–105, Apr. 2021.
  17. H. Anandakumar and K. Umamaheswari, “Supervised machine learning techniques in cognitive radio networks during cooperative spectrum handovers,” Cluster Computing, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1505–1515, Mar. 2017.
  18. Ali-Кhusein and Urquhart, “The Concept of Sustainable Manufacturing Maturity System (SMMS),” Journal of Machine and Computing, pp. 106–114, Apr. 2021.
  19. H.A, A. R and S. M, “Energy Efficient Network Selection for Urban Cognitive Spectrum Handovers,” Computing and Communication Systems in Urban Development, pp. 115–139, 2019. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-26013-2_6
  20. H.A, A. R and S. M, “Social Relationship Ranking on the Smart Internet,” Computing and Communication Systems in Urban Development, pp. 141–159, 2019. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-26013-2_7
  21. S. J and R. K, “Metallurgy and Material Science an Detailed Analysis,” Journal of Machine and Computing, pp. 115–122, Jul. 2021.
  22. J. H. Nderitu, “Review of Modular Self-Reconfigurable Robotic Systems and Potential Industry Problems,” Journal of Machine and Computing, pp. 123–131, Jul. 2021.


Author(s) thanks to Dr.Anandakumar Haldorai for this research completion and support.


No funding was received to assist with the preparation of this manuscript.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare that are relevant to the content of this article.

Availability of data and materials

No data available for above study.

Author information


All authors have equal contribution in the paper and all authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.

Corresponding author

Rights and permissions

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article‟s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article‟s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit

Cite this article

Arulmurugan Ramu, Teshome Debushe Adugna and Anandakumar Haldorai, “The Contribution of Innovation, Science and Technology in Enhancing Renewable Energy”, Journal of Computing and Natural Science, vol.3, no.3, pp. 158-168, July 2023. doi: 10.53759/181X /JCNS/202303015.


© 2023 Arulmurugan Ramu, Teshome Debushe Adugna and Anandakumar Haldorai. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.